Adventures of Huckleberry Finn--- Mark Twain
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is the masterpiece as well as the most important work of the famous writer of the United States -- Mark Twain in the nineteenth century. Just as Ernest Hemingway speaks in his comment "All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn....There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since." Mark Twain was evaluated by Ernest Hemingway as The source of American Modern Literature.
The book is noted for its colorful description of people and places along the Mississippi River. Satirizing a Southern antebellum society that had ceased to exist about twenty years before the work was published, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an often scathing look at entrenched attitudes, particularly racism.
In a first-person way, the book vividly describes the adventure story happened in the United States before the Civil War that the hero—the 13-year-old Huckleberry Finn (Huck in short), unwilling to follow the line of the society's "enlightenment", then along with the slave Jim, escapes to the Mississippi. The work gives the main character--Huck a vivid, meaningful and profound description. His adventure is a self-psychology course that his spirit of the continuous development of social morality and finally set foot on the pursuit of his ideals. Huck's moral development focuses on two major conflicts and clues. On the one hand, Huck 1 abhors and resists to the real world filled with hypocrisy, greed, selfishness, cruelty which is in the represent of the widow Douglas, drunkard father, two swindlers, Duke and the National King, as well as the slave traders. On the other hand, Huck must decide between either handing over the escaped slave Jim to surrender according to norms of social morality or protecting and helping his friend. With the development of the novel plot, the two conflicts continue and upgrade. At the same time, in step with the process of the story, Huck shapes his moral consciousness gradually, and with his wisdom and cognitive style, the construction of morality value upon the surrounding world is completed. Finally, he makes a decision to break up with the real world, setting foot on the self-road to explore and show the true spirit.
Perennially popular with readers, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has also been the continued object of study by literary critics since its publication. It was criticized upon release because of its coarse language and became even more controversial in the 20th century because of its perceived use of racial stereotypes and because of its frequent use of the racial slur "nigger", despite strong arguments that the protagonist, and the tenor of the book, is anti-racist.